The main objective of this study is to design a three-dimensional geometrical and mechanical finite element model of the lumbar spine. The model's geometry is constructed using six parameters per vertebra. These parameters are digitized from two X-rays (anterio-posterior and lateral), thus yielding an individualized model which can be arrived at from the radiographs of a tested specimen. This procedure makes the model validation easier, as geometry is generally a factor of dispersion in experimental results. The geometrical reconstruction, in the form of a finite elements mesh, was effected for the whole lumbar spine. The global coherence of the model was verified.
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